Indonesia, formally the Republic of Indonesia, is a rustic in Southeast Asia and Oceania between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It includes over 17,000 islands, together with Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, and components of Borneo and New Guinea. Indonesia is the world's largest island us of a, the most important archipelagic country, and the 14th-largest country by way of location, at 1, 904, 569 square kilometres (735, 358 square miles). With over 275 million humans, Indonesia is the sector's fourth-most populous usa and the most populous Muslim-majority united states of america.
Java, the world's most populous island, is domestic to more than half of the country's populace. Indonesia is a presidential republic with an elected legislature. It has thirty seven provinces, of which eight have special status. The country's capital, Jakarta, is the world's 2d-most populous city region.
Indonesia stocks land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern a part of Malaysia, in addition to maritime borders with Singapore, Vietnam, Thailand, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands). Despite its massive population and densely populated areas, Indonesia has large areas of barren region that guide one of the world's highest stages of biodiversity. The Indonesian archipelago has been a valuable area for alternate considering that as a minimum the seventh century when Srivijaya and later Majapahit traded with entities from mainland China and the Indian subcontinent. Local rulers steadily absorbed overseas affects from the early centuries, and Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished.
Sunni investors and Sufi scholars delivered Islam, even as Christianity become spread with the aid of European missionaries. Although the Portuguese, the French, and the British also ruled in some unspecified time in the future, the Dutch had been the most colonial electricity for lots of their 350-year presence within the archipelago. The concept of "Indonesia" as a nation-state emerged inside the early twentieth century, culminating later within the proclamation of Indonesian Independence in 1945. However, it turned into no longer till 1949 that the Dutch known Indonesia's sovereignty following an armed and diplomatic conflict between the two.
Indonesia consists of lots of awesome local ethnic and masses of linguistic companies, with Javanese being the largest. A shared identification has developed with the motto "Bhinneka Tunggal Ika" ("Unity in Diversity" literally, "many, yet one"), described by way of a countrywide language, cultural diversity, spiritual pluralism within a Muslim-majority population, and a history of colonialism and revolt towards it. The financial system of Indonesia is the arena's 17th-biggest by using nominal GDP and the seventh biggest by way of PPP. It is a regional energy and is considered a center strength in worldwide affairs.
The country is a member of numerous multilateral corporations, together with the United Nations, World Trade Organization, G20, and a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, East Asia Summit, and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. Sia Summit, and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.